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With Fedora 25 and later, NVIDIA Optimus devices are automatically detected with GDM/Gnome. They will run with output source and not with offload sync by default.

With NVIDIA driver 435.17 and xorg-x11-server 1.20 (add additional patches), it's now possible to have full Optimus support (with offload sync) on Fedora 29 and later.

This Howto is a subset of the main documentation, please read the NVIDIA Howto first.

Known limitation

Full Optimus Support can be achieved with xorg-x11-server 1.20.5 with patches as provided in a COPR repository. For information, the support as landed officially in Xorg server 1.21 that might be provided by default for Fedora 32. I Highly recommends Optimus users to enable this COPR repository to benefit from Full Optimus Support ahead of Xorg 1.21.


sudo -s
dnf copr enable kwizart/xorg-x11-server_nvidia
dnf update xorg-x11-server\*
dnf update --enablerepo=rpmfusion-nonfree-rawhide xorg-x11-drv-nvidia\*
cat > /etc/modprobe.d/nvidia.conf <<EOF
# Enable DynamicPwerManagement
# http://download.nvidia.com/XFree86/Linux-x86_64/435.17/README/dynamicpowermanagement.html
options nvidia NVreg_DynamicPowerManagement=0x02

PRIME Render Offload

As documented at http://download.nvidia.com/XFree86/Linux-x86_64/435.17/README/primerenderoffload.html

Configure Graphics Applications to Render Using the GPU Screen

To configure a graphics application to be offloaded to the NVIDIA GPU screen, set the environment variable NV_PRIME_RENDER_OFFLOAD to 1. If the graphics application uses Vulkan, that should be all that is needed. If the graphics application uses GLX, then also set the environment variable GLX_VENDOR_LIBRARY_NAME to nvidia, so that GLVND loads the NVIDIA GLX driver. NVIDIA's EGL implementation does not yet support PRIME render offload.


__NV_PRIME_RENDER_OFFLOAD=1 __GLX_VENDOR_LIBRARY_NAME=nvidia glxinfo | grep vendor

Finer-Grained Control of Vulkan

The NV_PRIME_RENDER_OFFLOAD environment variable causes the special Vulkan layer VK_LAYER_NV_optimus to be loaded. Vulkan applications use the Vulkan API to enumerate the GPUs in the system and select which GPU to use; most Vulkan applications will use the first GPU reported by Vulkan. The VK_LAYER_NV_optimus layer causes the GPUs to be sorted such that the NVIDIA GPUs are enumerated first. For finer-grained control, the VK_LAYER_NV_optimus layer looks at the VK_LAYER_NV_optimus environment variable. The value NVIDIA_only causes VK_LAYER_NV_optimus to only report NVIDIA GPUs to the Vulkan application. The value non_NVIDIA_only causes VK_LAYER_NV_optimus to only report non-NVIDIA GPUs to the Vulkan application.


__NV_PRIME_RENDER_OFFLOAD=1 __VK_LAYER_NV_optimus=non_NVIDIA_only vkcube

Finer-Grained Control of GLX + OpenGL

For GLX + OpenGL, the environment variable NV_PRIME_RENDER_OFFLOAD_PROVIDER provides finer-grained control. While NV_PRIME_RENDER_OFFLOAD=1 tells GLX to use the first NVIDIA GPU screen, NV_PRIME_RENDER_OFFLOAD_PROVIDER can use an RandR provider name to pick a specific NVIDIA GPU screen, using the NVIDIA GPU screen names reported by xrandr --listproviders.



NVIDIA PrimaryGPU Support

Before the Full optimus support, the only way to enable the NVIDIA driver was to set the NVIDIA GPU to be used by default. To recover this previous behaviour, you can use:

cp -p /usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/nvidia.conf /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/nvidia.conf

And edit the file to use: Option "PrimaryGPU" "yes"

PRIME Synchronization

With Xorg server 1.19 (Fedora 25 and later), this feature allows buffer sharing between the Intel and the NVIDIA card when using Xorg (not relevant for Wayland). It should be enabled bytThen you can enable Prime Synchronisation for your session:

xrandr --output <output> --set "PRIME Synchronization" 1

Proprietary/FLOSS switch

At this time, this can be done by manually editing "rd.driver.blacklist=nouveau modprobe.blacklist=nouveau nvidia-drm.modeset=1" from the grub2 cmdline. And replace by "rd.driver.blacklist=nvidia,nvidia_drm,nvidia_modeset modprobe.blacklist=nvidia,nvidia_drm,nvidia_modeset" The plan is to have a grub2 menu to have the choice. Please see Bugzilla [RFE] Switcher for Xorg nvidia/FOSS config


  • Q: Why there is no nvidia-prime package ?
  • A: nvidia-prime is not something from NVIDIA despite the name. It's a collection of integration scripts made by canonical for Ubuntu. Better to avoid using custom scripts and to have the driver to setup appropriately if on Optimus hardware or single GPU setup. With Fedora 25 and later, everything is automatically setup.


Howto/Optimus (last edited 2020-06-19 15:16:33 by NicolasChauvet)