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<<TableOfContents(5)>>
== About this Howto ==
This howto will help you install the correct nVidia driver for your graphics card as well as troubleshoot common driver problems.

The prerequisite is to have followed the [[Configuration]] page to have at least the RPM Fusion nonfree section available.


Line 2: Line 10:
To determine your card model, open a Terminal (Applications > System Tools > Terminal) and type: nVidia has several driver series, each of which has different hardware support. To determine which driver you need to install, you'll first need to find your graphics card model.

If you don't know it, open a Terminal (Applications > System Tools > Terminal) and type:
Line 6: Line 16:

You can also check the [[http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx|nVidia download driver]] section and see which series is recommended for you card, then install the appropriate driver series.
Please remember that our package doesn't work with optimus yet.

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Please remember that once the driver is installed, it will configure your xorg.conf automatically only if it's not already present. You can also run nvidia-xconfig or nvidia-settings at anytime. Changes will take effect after a '''''full reboot''''' on the newest kernel.

=== Newer GeForce ===
{{{
dnf install xorg-x11-drv-nvidia akmod-nvidia "kernel-devel-uname-r == $(uname -r)" xorg-x11-drv-nvidia
dnf update -y
}}}
or kmod-nvidia/kmod-nvidia-PAE if using pre-built kmod for kernel/kernel-PAE


=== GeForce 8/9/200 ===
{{{
dnf install xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-340xx akmod-nvidia-340xx "kernel-devel-uname-r == $(uname -r)"
dnf update -y
}}}
or kmod-nvidia/kmod-nvidia-PAE if using pre-built kmod for kernel/kernel-PAE

=== GeForce 6/7 ===
{{{
dnf install xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-304xx akmod-nvidia-304xx "kernel-devel-uname-r == $(uname -r)"
dnf update -y
}}}
=== GeForce 5 (FX series) ===
Supported up to Fedora 20 - EOL, no more nvidia updates
{{{
yum install akmod-nvidia-173xx "kernel-devel-uname-r == $(uname -r)"
yum update -y
}}}
=== GeForce 2 through GeForce 4 ===
Supported up to Fedora 14 - EOL, no more nvidia updates
{{{
yum install akmod-nvidia-96xx "kernel-devel-uname-r == $(uname -r)"
yum update -y
}}}

== Special notes ==

=== Optimus ===
There are additional steps needed to integrate the package with optimus.
{{{
dnf copr enable kwizart/glvnd
dnf update
grubby --update-kernel=$(uname -r) --args="nvidia-drm.modeset=1" --remove-args="video=vesa:off"
 [ -f /boot/grub2/grub.cfg ] && grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg
 [ -f /boot/efi/EFI/fedora/grub.cfg ] && grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/efi/EFI/fedora/grub.cfg
cat>/etc/X11/xorg.conf<<EOF
# RPM Fusion - nvidia-xorg.conf
#

Section "ServerLayout"
    Identifier "layout"
    Screen 0 "nvidia"
    Inactive "intel"
EndSection

Section "Device"
    Identifier "intel"
    Driver "modesetting"
    # Change BusID if necessary. Tips: (lspci | grep VGA) (Change 00:02.0 to 0:2:0)
    BusID "PCI:0:2:0"
    Option "AccelMethod" "none"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
    Identifier "intel"
    Device "intel"
EndSection

Section "Device"
    Identifier "nvidia"
    Driver "nvidia"
    # Change BusID if necessary. Tips: (lspci | grep 3D) (Change 01:00.0 to 1:0:0)
    BusID "PCI:1:0:0"
    Option "AllowEmptyInitialConfiguration"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
    Identifier "nvidia"
    Device "nvidia"
EndSection
EOF

cat>/etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc.d/05-nvidia.sh<<EOF
#!/bin/bash

xrandr --setprovideroutputsource modesetting NVIDIA-0
xrandr --auto

EOF
chmod +x /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc.d/05-nvidia.sh

}}}


=== CUDA ===
The driver support CUDA when installing the xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-cuda subpackage.
Please have a look on the official NVIDIA [[http://docs.nvidia.com/cuda/cuda-getting-started-guide-for-linux/|getting started guide]]
{{{
dnf install xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-cuda
}}}


=== VULKAN ===
The main package support vulkan, but you need to install the vulkan libraries if requested.
{{{
dnf install vulkan
}}}


=== Latest/Beta driver ===
You can install the latest drivers from Rawhide using the following command:
{{{
dnf --enablerepo=rpmfusion-nonfree-rawhide install akmod-nvidia
dnf install "kernel-devel == $(uname -r)"
dnf update -y
}}}

Or if you want to grab it from the latest fedora stable release:
{{{
yum --releasever=23 install akmod-nvidia
yum install "kernel-devel-uname-r == $(uname -r)"
yum update -y
}}}

=== x86_64 (64bit) users ===
If you wish to have 3D acceleration in 32bit packages such as Wine, be sure to install the appropriate 32bit version of the xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-libs package for your driver variant. For example, if you installed kmod-nvidia then you will require xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-libs.i686, but if you install kmod-nvidia-'''96xx''', you will need xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-'''96xx'''-libs.i686. If using Fedora 11 you will need to use xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-libs.'''i586''', with Fedora 10 or older use xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-libs.'''i386'''.

=== PAE (Physical Address Extension) kernel users ===
If you are on a 32bit (i686) system and have the PAE kernel installed to access more RAM, please append '''-PAE''' to all the "kmod" packages above. For example, '''kmod-nvidia-PAE''' or '''kmod-nvidia-96xx-PAE'''. This will install the kernel module for the PAE kernel instead of the regular 32bit kernel. Please note that this step is not required for any 64bit (x64_64) users.

=== VDPAU/VAAPI ===
In order to enable video acceleration support for your player and if your nvidia card is recent enough (Geforce 8 and later is needed). You can install theses packages:
{{{
# dnf install vdpauinfo libva-vdpau-driver libva-utils
}}}

With the native vdpau backend from a nvidia card, the output is similar to this:
{{{
$ vdpauinfo
display: :0.0 screen: 0
API version: 1
Information string: NVIDIA VDPAU Driver Shared Library 280.13 Wed Jul 27 17:15:20 PDT 2011
...
}}}

Here is an example of an accurate output of vainfo, when the bridge to the VAAPI is correctly installed.
{{{
$ vainfo
libva: libva version 0.32.0
Xlib: extension "XFree86-DRI" missing on display ":0.0".
libva: va_getDriverName() returns 0
libva: Trying to open /usr/lib64/dri/nvidia_drv_video.so
libva: va_openDriver() returns 0
vainfo: VA API version: 0.32
vainfo: Driver version: Splitted-Desktop Systems VDPAU backend for VA-API - 0.7.3
vainfo: Supported profile and entrypoints
...
}}}
Line 8: Line 182:
An [[Package/akmod|akmod]] is a new type of package similar to the [[Package/kmod|kmod]]. Akmods have a feature set similar to dkms, as they will rebuild a binary kmod package for you if one does not exist when you boot with a new kernel. However, akmods have more overhead than regular kmods as they require a few development tools such as gcc and automake. If you think you'd like to use akmods, simply replace '''kmod''' with '''akmod''' in the instructions below. For example, kmod-nvidia-96xx becomes '''a'''kmod-nvidia-96xx. Akmods are fully compatible with regular kmods, so you can switch between the two or even use both at once without any problems.

=== Fedora 10 ===
Please remember that once the drivers are installed, they will configure your xorg.conf automatically and changes will take effect after a full reboot. There is no need to run nvidia-xconfig or other tools.

==== GeForce 6 and higher ====
{{{
yum install kmod-nvidia
}}}
==== GeForce 5 (FX series) ====
{{{
yum install kmod-nvidia-173xx
}}}
==== GeForce 2 through GeForce 4 ====
{{{
yum install kmod-nvidia-96xx
}}}
==== Older ====
Unfortunately, nVidia has not yet released a 71.xx legacy driver compatible with Fedora 10.

=== Fedora 8 and 9 ===
==== GeForce 6 and higher ====
{{{
yum install kmod-nvidia
}}}
==== GeForce 5 (FX series) ====
{{{
yum install kmod-nvidia-173xx
}}}
==== GeForce 2 through GeForce 4 ====
{{{
yum install kmod-nvidia-96xx
}}}
==== Older ====
{{{
yum install kmod-nvidia-legacy
}}}

=== Special note: x86_64 users ===
If you wish to have 3D acceleration in 32bit packages such as Wine, be sure to install the xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-libs.i386 package for your driver variant. For example, if you installed kmod-nvidia then you will require xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-libs.i386, but if you install kmod-nvidia-'''96xx''', you will need xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-'''96xx'''-libs.i386.

== Troubleshooting ==
If you're experiencing problems with the drivers (in particular, lack of 3D after using nvidia-xconfig or nvidia-settings), try executing these commands:
{{{
nvidia-config-display disable
nvidia-config-display enable
}}}
This will re-configure xorg.conf for use with the RPM Fusion drivers.
An [[Packaging/KernelModules/Akmods|akmod]] is a type of package similar to dkms. As you start your computer, the akmod system will check if there are any missing kmods and if so, rebuild a new kmod for you. Akmods have more overhead than regular kmod packages as they require a few development tools such as gcc and automake in order to be able to build new kmods locally. If you think you'd like to try akmods, simply replace '''kmod''' with '''akmod''' in the instructions above and run them again. For example, kmod-nvidia-96xx becomes '''a'''kmod-nvidia-96xx. Akmods are fully compatible with regular kmods, so you can switch between the two or even use both at once without any problems.

=== Nouveau compatibility ===
<<Anchor(nouveau)>>
As nouveau is enabled by default starting with Fedora 11, you may experience problem which is caused by the nouveau kernel module being present in the initrd image.
After the reboot, this command should not output anything:
{{{
lsmod |grep nouveau
}}}

=== Secure Boot ===
Sometimes, Secure Boot blocks the kernel loading the nvidia driver. It can be disabled before booting the OS as a test.

=== Rawhide ===
Rawhide kernels are built with debug enabled GPL-only symbols which kernel is incompatible with the nvidia binary-only driver.
You need to use the [[http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/RawhideKernelNodebug|Rawhide nodebug repository]].

Please remind that Xorg server version is also to take into consideration. In the case of incompatibilities with the xorg-server, you might need to downgrade to the previous fedora release:
{{{
dnf downgrade xorg-x11-server\* --releasever=22 --allowerasing
echo "exclude=xorg-x11*" >> /etc/dnf/dnf.conf
}}}


== Uninstall the nvidia driver ==

{{{
dnf remove xorg-x11-drv-nvidia\*
}}}



== Bug Report ==
If you still cannot make the driver to work, you can either report a problem to nVidia or to RPM Fusion packager team.
Please read: [[https://devtalk.nvidia.com/default/topic/522835/linux/if-you-have-a-problem-please-read-this-first/|If you have a problem, PLEASE read this first]]

About this Howto

This howto will help you install the correct nVidia driver for your graphics card as well as troubleshoot common driver problems.

The prerequisite is to have followed the Configuration page to have at least the RPM Fusion nonfree section available.

Determining your card model

nVidia has several driver series, each of which has different hardware support. To determine which driver you need to install, you'll first need to find your graphics card model.

If you don't know it, open a Terminal (Applications > System Tools > Terminal) and type:

/sbin/lspci | grep VGA

You can also check the nVidia download driver section and see which series is recommended for you card, then install the appropriate driver series. Please remember that our package doesn't work with optimus yet.

Installing the drivers

Please remember that once the driver is installed, it will configure your xorg.conf automatically only if it's not already present. You can also run nvidia-xconfig or nvidia-settings at anytime. Changes will take effect after a full reboot on the newest kernel.

Newer GeForce

dnf install xorg-x11-drv-nvidia akmod-nvidia "kernel-devel-uname-r == $(uname -r)" xorg-x11-drv-nvidia
dnf update -y

or kmod-nvidia/kmod-nvidia-PAE if using pre-built kmod for kernel/kernel-PAE

GeForce 8/9/200

dnf install xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-340xx akmod-nvidia-340xx "kernel-devel-uname-r == $(uname -r)"
dnf update -y

or kmod-nvidia/kmod-nvidia-PAE if using pre-built kmod for kernel/kernel-PAE

GeForce 6/7

dnf install xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-304xx akmod-nvidia-304xx "kernel-devel-uname-r == $(uname -r)"
dnf update -y

GeForce 5 (FX series)

Supported up to Fedora 20 - EOL, no more nvidia updates

yum install akmod-nvidia-173xx "kernel-devel-uname-r == $(uname -r)"
yum update -y

GeForce 2 through GeForce 4

Supported up to Fedora 14 - EOL, no more nvidia updates

yum install akmod-nvidia-96xx "kernel-devel-uname-r == $(uname -r)"
yum update -y

Special notes

Optimus

There are additional steps needed to integrate the package with optimus.

dnf copr enable kwizart/glvnd
dnf update
grubby --update-kernel=$(uname -r) --args="nvidia-drm.modeset=1" --remove-args="video=vesa:off"
 [ -f /boot/grub2/grub.cfg ] && grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg
 [ -f /boot/efi/EFI/fedora/grub.cfg ] && grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/efi/EFI/fedora/grub.cfg
cat>/etc/X11/xorg.conf<<EOF
# RPM Fusion - nvidia-xorg.conf
# 

Section "ServerLayout"
    Identifier "layout"
    Screen 0 "nvidia"
    Inactive "intel"
EndSection

Section "Device"
    Identifier "intel"
    Driver "modesetting"
    # Change BusID if necessary. Tips: (lspci | grep VGA) (Change 00:02.0 to 0:2:0)
    BusID "PCI:0:2:0"
    Option "AccelMethod"  "none"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
    Identifier "intel"
    Device "intel"
EndSection

Section "Device"
    Identifier "nvidia"
    Driver "nvidia"
    # Change BusID if necessary. Tips: (lspci | grep 3D) (Change 01:00.0 to 1:0:0)
    BusID "PCI:1:0:0"
    Option "AllowEmptyInitialConfiguration"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
    Identifier "nvidia"
    Device "nvidia"
EndSection
EOF

cat>/etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc.d/05-nvidia.sh<<EOF
#!/bin/bash

xrandr --setprovideroutputsource modesetting NVIDIA-0
xrandr --auto

EOF
chmod +x /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc.d/05-nvidia.sh

CUDA

The driver support CUDA when installing the xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-cuda subpackage. Please have a look on the official NVIDIA getting started guide

dnf install xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-cuda

VULKAN

The main package support vulkan, but you need to install the vulkan libraries if requested.

dnf install vulkan

Latest/Beta driver

You can install the latest drivers from Rawhide using the following command:

dnf --enablerepo=rpmfusion-nonfree-rawhide install akmod-nvidia 
dnf install "kernel-devel == $(uname -r)"
dnf update -y

Or if you want to grab it from the latest fedora stable release:

yum --releasever=23 install akmod-nvidia
yum install "kernel-devel-uname-r == $(uname -r)"
yum update -y

x86_64 (64bit) users

If you wish to have 3D acceleration in 32bit packages such as Wine, be sure to install the appropriate 32bit version of the xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-libs package for your driver variant. For example, if you installed kmod-nvidia then you will require xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-libs.i686, but if you install kmod-nvidia-96xx, you will need xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-96xx-libs.i686. If using Fedora 11 you will need to use xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-libs.i586, with Fedora 10 or older use xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-libs.i386.

PAE (Physical Address Extension) kernel users

If you are on a 32bit (i686) system and have the PAE kernel installed to access more RAM, please append -PAE to all the "kmod" packages above. For example, kmod-nvidia-PAE or kmod-nvidia-96xx-PAE. This will install the kernel module for the PAE kernel instead of the regular 32bit kernel. Please note that this step is not required for any 64bit (x64_64) users.

VDPAU/VAAPI

In order to enable video acceleration support for your player and if your nvidia card is recent enough (Geforce 8 and later is needed). You can install theses packages:

# dnf install vdpauinfo libva-vdpau-driver libva-utils

With the native vdpau backend from a nvidia card, the output is similar to this:

$ vdpauinfo 
display: :0.0   screen: 0
API version: 1
Information string: NVIDIA VDPAU Driver Shared Library  280.13  Wed Jul 27 17:15:20 PDT 2011
...

Here is an example of an accurate output of vainfo, when the bridge to the VAAPI is correctly installed.

$ vainfo 
libva: libva version 0.32.0
Xlib:  extension "XFree86-DRI" missing on display ":0.0".
libva: va_getDriverName() returns 0
libva: Trying to open /usr/lib64/dri/nvidia_drv_video.so
libva: va_openDriver() returns 0
vainfo: VA API version: 0.32
vainfo: Driver version: Splitted-Desktop Systems VDPAU backend for VA-API - 0.7.3
vainfo: Supported profile and entrypoints
...

Akmods

An akmod is a type of package similar to dkms. As you start your computer, the akmod system will check if there are any missing kmods and if so, rebuild a new kmod for you. Akmods have more overhead than regular kmod packages as they require a few development tools such as gcc and automake in order to be able to build new kmods locally. If you think you'd like to try akmods, simply replace kmod with akmod in the instructions above and run them again. For example, kmod-nvidia-96xx becomes akmod-nvidia-96xx. Akmods are fully compatible with regular kmods, so you can switch between the two or even use both at once without any problems.

Nouveau compatibility

As nouveau is enabled by default starting with Fedora 11, you may experience problem which is caused by the nouveau kernel module being present in the initrd image. After the reboot, this command should not output anything:

lsmod |grep nouveau

Secure Boot

Sometimes, Secure Boot blocks the kernel loading the nvidia driver. It can be disabled before booting the OS as a test.

Rawhide

Rawhide kernels are built with debug enabled GPL-only symbols which kernel is incompatible with the nvidia binary-only driver. You need to use the Rawhide nodebug repository.

Please remind that Xorg server version is also to take into consideration. In the case of incompatibilities with the xorg-server, you might need to downgrade to the previous fedora release:

dnf downgrade xorg-x11-server\* --releasever=22 --allowerasing
echo "exclude=xorg-x11*" >> /etc/dnf/dnf.conf

Uninstall the nvidia driver

dnf remove xorg-x11-drv-nvidia\*

Bug Report

If you still cannot make the driver to work, you can either report a problem to nVidia or to RPM Fusion packager team. Please read: If you have a problem, PLEASE read this first


CategoryHowto

Howto/NVIDIA (last edited 2020-09-04 13:29:19 by NicolasChauvet)